Objective: A description of the development of a clinical ocular finding of 23 patients (35 eyes) with steroid-induced posterior subcapsular cataract of different source, focusing on its character and mechanism of origin.
Methods: The medical records of 23 patients, 14 women, 9 men, median age 44.5 years (median 44 years, interval 29 - 52 years) were evaluated retrospectively and had undergone surgery from 5/2016 to 5/2018 at Gemini Eye Clinic Bělský les. All patients underwent a complex eye examination and cataract surgery with artificial intraocular lens implantation.
Results: In all of these patients, the incidence of the various stages of the posterior subcapsular cataract was correlated with the use of steroid therapy locally, generally per os, inhaled or combined, mainly in pre-adolescent patients. Postoperatively, a significant improvement in CDVA (corrected distance visual acuity) was observed in all patients in the set.
Conclusion: Steroid-induced cataract is a clinical diagnosis reserved for conditions of cataract formation in relation to the dose and duration of use of corticosteroid medication. The diagnostic diagram of this process seems to be unambiguous, requires a thorough examination of the ocular finding and carefuly obtain internal and pharmacological history of the patient. The basic treatment approach is cataract surgery, which should be performed by an experienced surgeon for a higher risk of possible complications.