2024 - 3 Issue

Original article

Evaluation of Clinical Results of Implantation of Toric Intraocular Lenses Including their Rotational Stability

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Purpose: The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical results of the implantation of the toric intraocular lens Acrysof IQ Toric SN6AT3_8 (Alcon Laboratories, Inc., Fort Worth, TX, USA), including an evaluation of its rotational stability.

Material and methods: 30 eyes of 16 patients (4 males, 12 females; mean age 68 years) with regular corneal astigmatism ranging from -1.5 to -4.0 Dcyl were included in this retrospective study. All the patients underwent uncomplicated cataract surgery with the implantation of
a toric intraocular lens (TIOL) at the Department of Ophthalmology of the Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry of Palacký University in Olomouc and University Hospital Olomouc during the course of 2020. Follow-up examinations were performed 3–6 months after cataract surgery. We monitored the resulting uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), postoperative refraction, rotational stability of the implanted lens and subjective patient satisfaction.

Results: mean preoperative corneal astigmatism was -2.41 ±0.67 Dcyl. UDVA improved from a mean value of 0.45 ±0.25 (expressed in decimal Snellen optotype values) to 0.91 ±0.16. The spherical equivalent value of 0.41 ±2.92 improved to -0.11 ±0.27 postoperatively. The mean deviation from the planned axis was 4.87 ±4.75. Subjective satisfaction was rated by patients on a scale of 1–5, with a mean score of 1.5.

Conclusion: TIOL implantation is a safe and effective solution for patients with corneal astigmatism and cataract. Our results demonstrate improved UDVA, rotational stability of the TIOL and subjective patient satisfaction with the outcome of the surgery.