2024 - 1 Issue

Original article

Pars Plana Vitrectomy in the Treatment of Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment

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Aim: The aim of the study is to retrospectively evaluate the anatomical success rate and functional results of 25G+ PPV in the treatment of newly diagnosed rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).

Material and Methods: The set consists of 152 eyes of 152 patients, of which 71 (47%) were men, average age 54 years, operated on by one surgeon for RRD at the Eye Clinic of the University Hospital and Medical Faculty of Masaryk University Brno from 1.7.2019 to 4.5.2021 using the 25G+ PPV technique. 25G+ PPV with pre-equatorial cerclage was performed on 7 patients. The patients' anamnesis included blunt ocular trauma and uncomplicated cataract surgery with implantation of a posterior chamber intraocular lens. The cause of RRD was retinal tear/s, regardless of their number and location. The transparency of the anterior segment of the eye enabled reliable visualization of the posterior segment. Preoperative proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) grade A-D2 was admissible. Patients with a history of penetrating ocular trauma were excluded. The postoperative findings and functional outcomes of the patients were evaluated 1–3 months after PPV. The operation was anatomically successful if the retina was fully attached. Final visual acuity (VA) was evaluated for each patient. The final visual acuity examination was carried out typically on a Snellen optotype, either without correction, with the patient’s own spectacle correction or with correction according to the current values on the autorefractometer. The arithmetic average was used for the numerical expression of the attained results, and the numerical values were also expressed in percentages. Since the different groups were not compared with each other, no statistical test was necessary to analyze the results.

Results: In 150 (98.7%) of the 152 patients in the group, we achieved complete retinal reattachment, in 2 (1.3%) patients the retina remained detached, and we recorded anatomical failure of the treatment. Fifty (33%) patients achieved VA ≥ 4/8.

Conclusion: In 133 (87.5%) patients, we are able to state anatomical success even without the presence of intraocular tamponade in the operated eye. These patients can be considered completely cured. 25G+ PPV has demonstrated its contribution to resolving RRD.