2021 - 4 Issue

Case report

Uveal Effusion Syndrome. Case Report

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Purpose: Purpose of this article is to present a case report of a patient with uveal effusion syndrome who underwent deep posterior sclerotomy.

Case report: A 73-year-old patient with unilateral decrease in the best corrected visual acuity, ablation of choroid and secondary retinal detachment in the right eye was admitted to our clinic for examination in November 2017. At the first examination, the best corrected visual acuity in the right eye was 0.3, in the left eye 1.0. Intraocular pressure was 16 mmHg in the right eye and 21 mmHg in the left eye. After performing ultrasound biomicroscopy of the anterior segment (Accutome, Keeler, USA), ultrasound sonography of the affected eye (Accutome, Keeler, USA), magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, abdominal ultrasound and blood tests, we concluded the finding as uveal effusion syndrome. We initiated a conservative treatment consisting of oral administration of carbonic anhydrase inhibitor in combination with topical use of prostaglandin analogue. Despite conservative treatment the best corrected visual acuity of the affected eye decreased to 0.05 so we proceeded to a surgical procedure – deep posterior sclerotomy with perioperative scleral sampling for histological examination (detection of glycosaminoglycans in the sclera wall by Alcian blue staining), which was negative. This histological result ranks the patient as the third type of uveal effusion syndrome (ie, non-nanophthalmic with a normal sclera). After the operation both the ablation of choroid and retinal detachment reattached and the best corrected visual acuity in the right eye improved to 0.3. After the subsequent cataract surgery, the ablation of choroid and retinal detachment occurred again, this time with spontaneous recovery. Postoperatively, the best corrected visual acuity in the right eye was 0.5 and at the last check-up at our clinic 0.6.

Conclusion: Deep posterior sclerotomy is a method of choice of surgical treatment for uveal effusion syndrome that does not respond to conservative therapy.