Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate influence of betaxolol, brimonidine and carteolol in the progression of the visual field defects during time at patients with normotensive glaucoma (NTG).
Materials and methods: This study included (60 eyes of) 30 patients with NTG. First group consisted of 20 eyes of 10 patients of the average age of 58.5 years, who were treated by betaxolol. Second group also consisted of 20 eyes of 10 patients of the average age of 62.6 years and they were treated by brimonidine. Third group had the same count of the eyes and patients, the average age was 61.1 years and these patients were treated by carteolol. Diagnose of NTG was based on the comprehensive ophthalmological examination including electroretinography and visual evoked potentials. Visual fields were examined by fast threshold glaucoma test using Medmont M700 device. We compared pattern defect (PD) in the visual field for 3 years. The including criteria were: similar visual field findings at the beginning of the study, stable eye therapy (treatment was not changed during the study), uncorrected or best corrected (up to +-3 D) visual acuity of 1,0 of ETDRS, intraocular pressure between 10-15 mm Hg, if present, then compensated cardiovascular disease, no other internal or neurological disorders.
Results: We didn’t notice any statistically important difference of PD. The study revealed that brimonidin (p=0,99) and betaxolol (p = 0,81) had the best effect.
Conclusion: Local therapy of betaxolol, brimonidine and carteolol has an essential clinical value in normotensive glaucoma. All the mentioned treatments had a protective effect on the visual field. However, local side-effects of brimonidinu are a question.