2019 - 4 Issue

Case report

Simultaneous Bilateral Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma in Miller Fisher Syndrome

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Purpose: To report a case of patient with Miller Fisher syndrome, complicated by simultaneous bilateral acute angle-closure glaucoma in her slightly (+1.5) hyperopic eyes.

Methods: We present a case report of a 71-year-old female patient presenting with total ophthalmoplegia, areflexia, ataxia and bilateral acute angle-closure glaucoma.

Results: The initial ocular examination revealed hand motion in the both eyes and oedematic corneas. Initial intraocular pressure was immeasurable high (measurment by Tonopen Avia). Measurement was possible after intravenous Mannitol 20 % infusion on both eyes as 54 and 56 mm Hg, respectively. Local medical therapy of pilocarpine, timolol, dorsolamide and dexamethasone improve intraocular pressure into normal limits within several hours. Prophylactic peripheral Nd-YAG laser iridotomy was performed on a both eyes two days later. Systemic treatment involved plasma exchange and rehabilitation program. Subsequent cataract surgery on both eyes with posterior capsule lens implantation improve the best corrected visual acuity on right eye from 0.5 to 1.0 and the left eye from 0.5 to 0.8, respectively. Intraocular pressure is within normal limits without any glaucoma therapy. Follow up period is three years.

Conclusions: This is the second reported case of patient with Miller Fisher syndrome and simultaneous bilateral acute angle-closure glaucoma and the fifth reported case of Miller Fisher syndrome and acute angle-closure glaucoma. Treatment for both conditions made a very good recovery.